The social problem is one of the important areas of sociological research. It refers to the disorder of social relations, affecting the common life of members of society, undermining normal social activities and hindering the social development of social coordinated development. Social problems aren’t only an objective existence situation, but also a product of people’s subjective construction; a situation that is perceived and perceived by people; a situation that needs to be solved due to conflicts of values, norms and interests; it is the actual state of society and the gap between social expectations. Social issues reflect different content in various eras. In contemporary times, the most prominent social problems are population issues, ecological and environmental issues, labor and employment issues, integrity issues, juvenile delinquency, and aging issues.
- Population problems
The population issue is one of the most important social issues in the world and is at the heart of many contemporary social issues. Although its specific performance varies from country to country, its essence is mainly the imbalance of population reproduction and material data reproduction. If the population growth exceeds economic growth, it will lead to overpopulation. Taking China as an example, all the problems encountered in current social life and development are directly or indirectly linked to huge population pressure. First, population pressures have made it difficult for society to overcome the living conditions of the existing population and improve the living standards of the people. The outstanding performance is the difficulty of employment, housing shortages, and shortage of food, fuel, and other necessities. Secondly, population pressure causes an imbalance in consumption and accumulation, serious damage to the ecological environment, and a decline in the scientific and cultural level of the entire nation. When the number of elderly people aged 65 and over in a country or region accounts for more than 7% of the total population, it means that the country or region is aging. The 1982 World Conference on Ageing in Vienna, which determined that the proportion of the elderly population aged 60 and over accounted for more than 10% of the total population, meant that the country or region entered a serious aging.
- Ecological environmentproblem
The ecological and environmental problems are highlighted by ecological damage and serious environmental pollution. It is a major obstacle to the operation and development of society. The main contradictions that predict future social problems will be concentrated on the ecological environment. If it isn’t resolved early, it will bring enormous damage to the society, even global and devastating damage.
- Labor and employment problem
The problem of labor and employment stems from the imbalance between the labor force and the proportion of production materials. This disorder is manifested in different societies and regions. However, as a social problem, it mainly refers to overpopulation and slow or stagnant economic development, resulting in the unemployment or unemployment of the working population. The problem of labor and employment in China is first manifested in inadequate employment; there are also problems such as the serious shortage of existing employees, low labor productivity, and low quality of employment and unemployed people. The social consequences of the employment problem, on the one hand, hinder the improvement of people’s living standards, thus inducing social unrest and social crimes; on the other hand, it is not conducive to the coordinated development of the social economy, and thus threatens the stability of the entire social structure.
- Youth crimeproblem
Juvenile delinquency refers to the crimes committed by juveniles or minors, which are increasingly serious social problems facing the world. In the past 30 years, juvenile crimes in various countries around the world have increased dramatically. The outstanding features are an increased a number of crimes, advanced crime age, widespread, cruel means, prominent gangs, repeated enhancements, and increased difficulty.
- domestic violenceproblem
Domestic violence refers to a kind of violent acts between family members that use beatings, bundling, confinement, mutilation or other means to harm and destroy family members from physical, mental and sexual aspects. Domestic violence directly affects the victim’s body, causing the victim’s physical or mental suffering, jeopardizing his physical health and personal dignity. Domestic violence occurs between family members who have blood, marriage, and adoption relationships, such as husbands, wives, parents, children, and adult children, and women and children are the main victims of domestic violence. Men and people with disabilities can also be victims of domestic violence. Domestic violence can result in death, serious injury, minor injury, physical pain or mental distress.
- Aging problem
The problem of aging, also known as the problem of population aging, generally refers to the increase in the proportion of the population aged 60 and over, which affects social production and life. The aging of the population is a major social issue of universal concern in the world in the new century. It is more prominent in developed countries and the phenomenon of younger population caused by high birth rate masks this phenomenon. From the age composition of the population, China will enter the old-age society at the end of the 20th century and the beginning of the second century. However, due to the large population base, the total number of elderly people in China will rank first in the world in the future. The aging of the population has brought a series of influences and problems to society, politics, and economy. It requires corresponding adjustments to social production, consumption, distribution, investment, social security and welfare, and urban and rural planning.
- Academic ethicsproblem
The academic ethics problem is very serious, especially the fact that many colleges and universities across the country have not complied with the basic academic ethics and have been involved in academic fraud. For example, in early 2008, six old professors such as Yang Shaozhen, a retired professor at Xi’an Jiaotong University, and the first prize of the Ministry of Education’s Science and Technology Progress Awards, which were published by the Ministry of Education and the Yangtze River Scholar Li Liansheng in 2007, have serious consequences such as falsification and encroachment on other scholars’ achievements.
The issue of integrity is particularly prominent in today’s society. The trust between people is at stake.